The Iron deficiency anemia is microcytic, hypo-chromic anemia, which is caused by reduced amount of iron in the body. The erythrocytes (red blood cells) are formed in bone marrow and for their normal formation, maturation and entry into the blood are important a lot of different factors. Both of these factors are the iron and vitamin C, which deficit is on the most common reasons for anemia. When the body and the organs did not receive sufficient iron, forms the disease so-called Iron deficiency anemia or chlorine anemia. This form of anemia is the most widespread disease, which is getting over 80% from all the anemia disease. The iron deficiency anemia occurs more often in women, who are needed more from iron, due to pregnancy, lactation and menstruation.
The most common symptoms of Iron deficiency anemia are not visible in the early stage of the disease. In the beginning the illness is slow and invisible, as the slowness of the reduction of iron stores. The basic iron deficiency anemia symptoms are:
• General weakness, fatigue
• Skin pale
• Headache and reduced concentration
• Tachycardia (systolic noise of the peak heart)
• Low blood pressure
Also in the list of Iron deficiency anemia symptoms are restlessness, irritability and sleep disturbances. The first symptoms of the disease are really difficult for assimilation as they are close to normal overwork.
The first symptoms of Iron deficiency anemia are followed by Mucocutaneous symptoms, such as Plummer-Vinson syndrome. The syndrome is atrophy of the lining of the tongue, esophagus and oropharynx. Also the Plummer-Vinson syndrome is defined by burning of the tongue and painful or difficulty swallowing. Also the Mucocutaneous symptoms of Iron deficiency anemia are cracks in the lips corners, dry skin, fragile and thin hair, thin and flat nails (platonychie disease). Definitely the Iron deficiency anemia can be easily defined by the Mucocutaneous symptoms, which are quite unique for this disease.
The diagnosis of this type of anemia is made easily on the base of disease history, symptoms, clinical and laboratory tests. However the treatment of the disease requires to be defined the source of the iron deficiency. Sometimes it is quite harder to find this source, as it is required for successful treatment. So for full diagnosis requires more than simple blood count, as the tests, which are held for iron deficiency anemia are fiber-gastroscopy, Irig-graphy, rectified Romano eunuchs. Also part of the diagnosis is gynecological examination for the women and studies of the intestinal.
After the full diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia the patient should be treated in the accurate and proper way. The anemia treatment passes in two stages – aetiology and substitution treatment. The first stage is aetiology treatment, which is based on remove of the cause of iron deficiency. The second stage is substitution treatment, which is made with iron-consistent medicines and substances. The both treatments are necessary for successful and accurate cure the disease. Even with increasing of the iron in the organism, the patient is not cured, as the deficiency will return in a while, because the source is not cured.